The Empire’s search for land and new resource speeded up in great measure studies done in Siberia in 18th century. The First Kamchatka Expedition lasted from 1725 to 1730 and the Second Kamchatka Expedition lasted from 1733 to 1743, also the increase of Russian domination in Siberia helped provide new resources to the country’s economy. The local population of Siberia that was generally far from a steady state system had to compromise with this new system which came on this territory. Research expeditions which made real dreams of Peter the Great didn’t just research geography of Siberia, its underground and ground sources but also provided multi-perspective research of small communities that settled in this territories.
Yakov Ivanovich Lindenau who was member of the Second Kamchatka Expedition at first came to Siberia as an ordinary translator. In time, he made important studies on both geographical descriptions and multi-perspective descriptions of Siberian people, particularly Yakuts.
The ignoring of his scientific heritage for a long time was caused by the fact that Lindenau who was a European with Russian citizenship wrote his reports in German and was considered as just a “simple translator” in this period.
In this article, Yakov Ivanovich Lindenau’s life, his place in the studies on Siberia and his contribution to the Yakut culture will be discussed.
Key words: Siberia, research expeditions, Y.I. Lindeanu, Yakuts.