Sibirya Araştırmaları Dergisi
www.siberianstudies.org
Cilt 1, Sayı 3  Güz 2013  (ISSN: 2147-8104, E-ISSN: )
Olcobay KARATAYEV

NO Makale Adı
1379494709 TARBAGATAI KYRGYZS AND THEIR ORIGINS

Today there is a geographical name so-called Tarbagatai within the Shinjang Uyghur Autonomus Raion in China. This name which is geographically included in the Shinjang Uyghur Autonomus Raion is known as Chuguchak in the Russian literature. The term “Taerbahan” means “marmot” in Mongolian. “Taerbahat+ai” means a location with lots of marmots. The region included in the Shinjang Uyghur Autonomus Raion in 1984. Tarbagatai is a widespread geographical name and also called a mountain chain which is placed in the borders of China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan and Russia. Tachen has two districts Tachen and Emin (previously Dorbolzhun) and in the area of these two districts live Tarbagatai and Dorbolzhun Kyrgyzs. They call themselves as “Kyrgyz”, “Kyrgyzs of Tarbagatai” and “Budda Kyrgyzs” (Fotszio-in Chinese). Interestingly the Tarbagatai Kyrgyzs who follow Lama Branch of Budda religion never call themselves as “Kalmak Kyrgyzs”. Lifestyles similar to Mongols and follow the Lama branch of Buddhism. Some studies also prove that a part of this group was forcible migrated from Enisei region in 1703, (XVIII century). The Tarbagatai Kyrgyzs who see themselves ethnically closer to Mongols and Oirats formed a province of Tsirtsizy within the Zhungar khanate in the 40s of XVII century.
Keywords: Tarbagatai Kyrgyzs, Kytai, Zhungariya, Kalmak-Kyrgyzs, Orgochor, Khayrakhan, munduz, sary bagysh, ethnic history, kalmak-kyrgyzs

Keywords: Tarbagatai Kyrgyzs, Kytai, Zhungariya, Kalmak-Kyrgyzs, Orgochor, Khayrakhan, munduz, sary bagysh, ethnic history, kalmak-kyrgyzs