Sibirya Araştırmaları Dergisi
www.siberianstudies.org
Cilt 2, Sayı 5  Güz 2014  (ISSN: 2147-8104, E-ISSN: )
Zülfikar BAYRAKTAR

NO Makale Adı
1415737859 SOME FINDINGS ON FEMALE SHAMANIC TYPE ABRAM MOOS KARA TAACI IN ALTAI EPIC OF MAADAI-KARA

Maadai-Kara is the heroic epic of the Altai Turks who live in South Siberia. The epic is about a thousand years of struggle of life which is fit into two generations’ – an old father’s and his son’s - life. Its focal point is the fear of death and search for immortality. Kögüdei Mergen, who is the hero of the epic and son of Maadai Kara, goes to the underground to unlock the secret of life, to bring his mother and father back to the world from the world of the dead and save his livestock and people from death. The epic takes place in three different dimensions called the world, the underground and the heavens. The world is the place of the living creatures. The underground is the world of spirits and the dead. The heaven is unknown and beyond what man knows. The portals of these three dimensions are not closed to each other and it is possible to pass through one from another and return.
The Epic of Maadai-Kara is the product of the society which tries to perceive this world and other world according to Shamanism. It is possible to see the traces of shamanistic belief throughout the epic. One of the prominent elements of Maadai-Kara is that especially male and female heroes, who fit to prototype of Shamans, play an active role in the epic. Abram Moos Kara Taaci may be regarded as a female shamanic prototype. In this study, we will try to ascertain and analyze the role and function of the character Abram Moos Kara Taaci, the daughter of Erlik Kaan, who is the ruler of the underground, and the wife of Kara Kula, who lives in the world.
Key Words: Epos, Maaday Kara, Shamanism, Archetype, Abram Moos Kara Taacı.